Perfekte AV-Systeme

9. Mai 2018 / Allgemein

Sei es für Video Conferencing oder digitale Anzeigen, viele unter Ihnen erhalten wahrscheinlich kundenseitige Aufforderungen, Kabelanlagen bereitzustellen, die audiovisuelle Systeme unterstützen.

Many of these applications utilize HDBaseT or IP-based video transmission, and technology advancements now make it possible to deliver power to video displays simultaneously with these video signals over the same cabling. Für Bereitstellung und Testen von Kabelanlagen, die für die Unterstützung dieser AV-Systeme erforderlich sind, muss man ein gutes Verständnis der besten und bewährtesten Testverfahren haben, damit die Kunden das perfekte Bild erhalten, das sie erwarten.

Different Protocol, Same Concerns, One Tester

HDBaseT is a consumer electronic and commercial connectivity standard for transmitting uncompressed 4K video signals, audio, 100BaseT Ethernet data, power and various control signals over common category copper cabling up to 100 meters. Während dies IP-basierten Video-Systemen sehr ähnlich ist und auch Kabel und Konnektivität gleich aussehen, handelt es sich um verschiedene Protokolle. Unlike IP-based video that runs over the data network using packet-based Ethernet via common network switches and routers, HDBaseT is not packet based and instead uses HDBaseT transmitters and receivers that are separate from the data network.

But don’t let this worry you. Since both HDBaseT and IP-based video run over the same cabling media used for data transmission, they are deployed using the same best practices and are subject to the same performance parameters. So if Category 6A cable is deployed for either HDBaseT or IP-based video, it must be certified to meet the TIA Category 6A standard – especially if you want to receive the manufacturer's warranty.

One performance parameter that matters most when it comes to achieving a perfect picture is propagation delay skew. Propagation delay (expressed in nanoseconds) is the amount of time it takes for a transmitted signal to be received at the other end of the link or channel. Propagation delay skew is propagation delay that differs from one pair to another in a four-pair twisted-pair cable. For high-resolution RGB video signals where each color is sent down a separate pair, too much delay skew can cause a jittery picture on a video displays. That’s why cabling vendors tout their “low skew” cables as ideal for video applications.

Something else common to both HDBaseT and IP-based video systems is that both can now transmit higher levels of DC power using all four pairs of a twisted-pair cable—one using power over HDBaseT (POH) and the other using power over Ethernet (PoE). Zusammen mit den HDBaseT-Videosignalen leistet POH über 100 W Gleichstrom über vier Paare, während PoE bis zu 60 W (Typ 3) oder 90 W (Typ 4) Gleichstrom über vier Paare in Verbindung mit dem IP-basierten Videosignal liefert. These power levels are enough to power typical LED video displays, eliminating the need for AC power.

This also means that both systems come with the same concerns inherent when running higher DC power over all four pairs, such as insertion loss caused by heat rise and DC resistance unbalance caused by poor workmanship or subpar cable quality. POH- oder PoE-Leistung wird erreicht, indem Gleichtaktspannung angelegt wird, die den Strom gleichmäßig auf die Leiter in den Paaren verteilt. Dadurch ist der Widerstand in jedem Leiter gleich. Ein Unterschied im Widerstand zwischen zwei Leitern wird als DC-Widerstands-Unsymmetrie bezeichnet, und eine zu hohe Unsymmetrie kann zu einer Verzerrung der Videosignale führen. Da alle vier Paare Strom übertragen, ist die DC-Widerstands-Unsymmetrie von Bedeutung.

The good news is that a Fluke Networks DSX CableAnalyzer™ Series copper cable certifier will do it all to make sure your customer’s AV systems are picture perfect. Not only will it will certify cabling plants to industry standards for both HDBaseT and IP-based video deployments, including propagation delay and delay skew, but its ability to test for DC resistance unbalance can also verify the ability of the cable plant to support POH and PoE.

To learn more about testing AV systems, Read White Paper: Überlegungen zur Audio/Video (AV) Verkabelung

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